Python: convert to bits and to bytes

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def tobits(s):
    result = []
    for c in s:
        bits = bin(ord(c))[2:]
        bits = '00000000'[len(bits):] + bits
        result.extend([int(b) for b in bits])
    return result


def frombits(bits):
    chars = []
    for b in range(len(bits) / 8):
        byte = bits[b*8:(b+1)*8]
        chars.append(chr(int(''.join([str(bit) for bit in byte]), 2)))
    return ''.join(chars)